Lumbar Back Surgery
The two most common lumbar spinal surgeries are decompression surgery and spinal fusion. Decompression surgery can be
conducted through a laminotomy, foraminotomy, laminectomy, laminoplasty, discectomy, or other surgical technique. The aim of decompression surgery is to increase the space around the spinal nerve being impinged by removing problematic material such as bone spurs, disc herniation, or other abnormality. Spinal fusion uses a bone graft and often metal (titanium) cages or plates to stabilize the spine. This can prevent problematic motion of the vertebra which can cause pain. The most common form of lumbar back surgery is the lumbar discectomy which hundreds of thousands of patients undergo each year in the US. Surgery may be performed as minimally invasive surgery using tools such as an endoscope, or by traditional open back surgery.
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